James II Stewart, King of Scotland

Male 1430 - 1460  (29 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document


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  • Name James II Stewart  [1
    Suffix King of Scotland 
    Born 16 Oct 1430  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 3 Aug 1460  [1
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID I92171  The Williams Family Tree
    Last Modified 18 Jul 2015 

    Family Marie van Egmont-Gelre
              b. 1433
              d. 16 Nov 1463  (Age 30 years) 
    Children 
     1. Margaret Stewart
              b. Between 1449 and 1463
              d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 18 Jul 2015 
    Family ID F26920  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 

  • Sources 
    1. [S9678] The Peerage, (http://thepeerage.com), accessed 18 Jul 2015), James II Stewart, King of Scotland (92171) (Reliability: 3), 18 Jul 2015.
      Extracted from The Peerage website on 18/7/2015
      (http://thepeerage.com/p10211.htm#i102108)

      James II Stewart, King of Scotland1
      M, #102108, b. 16 October 1430, d. 3 August 1460


      Last Edited=20 Jan 2011
      Consanguinity Index=0.04%

      James II Stewart, King of Scotland was born on 16 October 1430 at Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.2 He was the son of James I Stewart, King of Scotland and Lady Joan Beaufort. He married Marie van Egmont-Gelre, daughter of Arnold van Egmont Hertog van Gelre Graaf van Zutphen and Katrina von der Mark-Kleve, on 3 July 1449 at Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.2 He died on 3 August 1460 at age 29 at Roxburgh Castle, Scotland, killed by a bursting piece of ordnance.3 He was buried at Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.3 He succeeded to the title of Duke of Rothesay on 22 April 1431.2 James II Stewart, King of Scotland also went by the nick-name of James 'of the Fiery Face'.4 He succeeded to the title of King James II of Scotland on 21 February 1437.2 He was crowned King of Scotland on 25 March 1437 at Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.2 He fought in the siege of Roxburgh Castle in August 1460 at Roxburgh Castle, Scotland.3 Succeeded at the age of 6 following the murder of his father, James I. A large birthmark bequeathed the nickname 'Fiery Face'. His coronation at Kelso Abbey was the first not at Scone. By giving authority to men of his own choice, and travelling energetically, Jaames II strengthened a monarchy weakened by powerful nobles. In particular, he murdered the 8th, and killed the 9th. Earl of Douglas (1452-5). He married Mary of Guelders (died 1463), daughter of Arnold, Duke of Guelders (a Rhine principality) on the 3rd. July 1449. They had four sons and two daughters. James died in a gun accident - the gun exploded whilst King standing nearby near Roxburgh Castle (held by the English) during siege.

      Child of James II Stewart, King of Scotland

      John Stewart3 b. bt 1445 - 1460



      Children of James II Stewart, King of Scotland and Marie van Egmont-Gelre

      Margaret Stewart+4 b. bt 1449 - 1463
      unnamed son Stewart b. 19 May 1450, d. 19 May 1450
      Mary Stewart, Princess of Scotland+4 b. b 16 May 1452, d. c May 1488
      James III Stewart, King of Scotland+4 b. 10 Jul 1452, d. 11 Jun 1488
      Alexander Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany+5 b. c 1454, d. 7 Aug 1485
      David Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray4 b. bt 1454 - 1456, d. b 18 Jul 1457
      John Stewart, Earl of Mar and Garioch4 b. bt 1456 - 1459, d. 9 Jul 1479



      Citations

      [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 231. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.
      [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families, page 233.
      [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families, page 236.
      [S323] Sir James Balfour Paul, The Scots Peerage: founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's The Peerage of Scotland (Edinburgh, Scotland: David Douglas, 1904), volume I, page 19. Hereinafter cited as The Scots Peerage.
      [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 79. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
      http://thepeerage.com/p10211.htm#i102108